MIE is home to many diverse specialties. From biomechanics to queuing theory, our professors are actively engaged in cutting-edge research spanning many fields.
Advanced Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Manufacturing is the use of machines, tools and labor to make things for use or sale. Manufacturing is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Manufacturing research includes the development of new manufacturing processes that lead to better products or processes that lead to less pollution and require less resources.
Materials engineering deals with fundamental properties and characteristics of materials and investigates the relationship between the structure of materials at the atomic or molecular scales and their macroscopic properties. The choice of materials is critical for the proper design of every product and for every manufacturing process. Materials engineering is thus an important part of almost every engineering design activity.
Applied Mechanics and Design
Applied mechanics examines the response of bodies (solids and fluids) or systems of bodies to external forces. Some examples of applied mechanics studies include the study of the flow of a liquid under pressure, the fracture of a solid due to an applied force, or the vibration of an ear in response to sound.
Engineering design is the process of devising a component or system to meet a desired need. The engineering design process is iterative and involves a number of steps including conceptualization, feasibility assessment, analysis, preliminary and detailed design, and finally production.
Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve healthcare diagnosis and treatment.
Biomedical engineering applications include the development of biocompatible prostheses, diagnostic and therapeutic medical devices such as X-ray machines, MRIs and implants, biotechnologies such as regenerative tissue growth, pharmaceutical drugs and many others.
Energy and Environmental Engineering
Energy studies is an interdisciplinary area devoted to finding new methods of sustainable energy production and improving the efficiency of existing systems. It addresses issues such as scientific aspects of conventional and sustainable energy generation and use, and new fuels and energy sources.
Environmental engineering is the application of science and engineering principles to improve our living environment including air, water and land resources, and to provide healthy water, air, and land for human habitation and for other organisms. Environmental engineering often deals with the cleaning of polluted sites. Environmental engineers design industrial wastewater treatment systems, systems to minimize pollution from industrial sources or transportation systems and many others.
Human Factors Engineering applies knowledge of human capabilities and limitations to the analysis, design and operation of products, services and systems. The properties of interest include anthropometric, physiological, and psychological factors that may impact human-technology interactions. The goals of human factors engineering are to increase system performance, safety, and cost effectiveness and to improve the human experience with technology.
Human factors is widely applied in healthcare, defence, manufacturing, energy, computing, mobile technology, consumer products and energy.
Information Engineering addresses the challenge of successfully applying information technology to help people and organizations innovate and become more efficient.
Information Engineering´s goal is to support the achievement of organizational goals through the efficient and flexible operation of business processes. To achieve this, Information Engineering focuses on the engineering of information and knowledge, the systems with which they are delivered, and the processes in which they are to be deployed.
Operations Research, or simply OR, is an interdisciplinary science which deploys scientific methods like mathematical modeling, statistics, and algorithms to decision making in complex real-world problems which are concerned with coordination and execution of the operations within an organization. The nature of organization is essentially immaterial. The eventual intention behind using this science is to elicit a best possible solution to a problem scientifically, which improves or optimizes the performance of an organization or process.
Applications of OR can be found in business, healthcare, financial engineering, military, supply chain management, manufacturing, public policy and more.
Robotics, Mechatronics and Instrumentation
Robotics is the study of robots including their design, manufacture, and application. Robotics includes mechanical design, electronics and software technologies development. Robots are widely used in manufacturing, assembly, packing, surgery, laboratory research, and mass production of consumer and industrial goods.
Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of precision mechanical engineering, electronic control and systems thinking in the design of products and processes. It pursues the design of systems, devices and products aimed at achieving an optimal balance between a basic mechanical structure and its overall control. The design of mechatronic products requires engineers with the ability to perform analysis and design in a variety of disciplines.
Instrumentation is the science of measurement and control, of process variables such as flow, temperature, pressure, and position. Instrumention includes devices such as solenoids, valves and regulators.
Thermal and Fluid Sciences Engineering
Thermal engineering (or Thermodynamics) is the study of the conversion of energy into work and heat and its relation to variables such as temperature, volume and pressure. It also includes the study of heat transfer (through conduction, convection, and radiation) as occurs in systems such as engines, power plants and cooling systems.
Fluids (liquids and gases) engineering involves experimental, analytical and computational studies that enhance our understanding of fluid mechanics and its applications. Applications of fluids engineering are in almost every aspect of our lives, from blood flow in the vessels of a human being to the aerodynamic design of an aircraft to the flow of drinking water in the pipes of a city. The focus of these studies is how fluids move and what forces are acting on them. These studies include boundary layer phenomena, computational fluid mechanics, droplet sprays, fluid-structure interactions, flow control, microfluid mechanics, molecular dynamics, multiphase flows, turbulent flows, and many others.