Professor, Mechanical Engineering
University of Toronto Distinguished Professor of Microcellular Engineered Plastics

Research: plastic foaming technology; fundamental understanding of foaming phenomena; computational modelling of foaming; super high R value foams; sound insulation foams, biodegradable foams; environmentally safeblowing agents.

Laboratory: Microcellular Plastics Manufacturing Laboratory (MPML)

Email: park@mie.utoronto.ca | Tel: 416-978-3053 | Office: RS210A

Research Areas

  1. Thermal and Fluid Sciences Engineering
  2. Advanced Manufacturing and Materials Engineering


Chul B. Park is a world leader in the development of innovative, cost-effective technologies for the foamed plastics. Dr. Park has been extensively involved in industrial projects both in consulting and research contracts on various foam processes including microcellular processing, inert gas-injection processing, rotational foam molding, wood-fiber composites, and open-cell foams.

Since 1993, he directed the Microcellular Plastics Manufacturing Laboratory at the University of Toronto and has been involved in pioneering work on the concepts of microcellular foaming. The laboratory is recognized as the leading facility in the world for research and development of microcellular plastic foams.

Dr. Park’s innovative research in this area indicates that the successful production of microcellular automotive parts could have a major impact on industry. Metallic components, for example, could be replaced with plastic ones, resulting in crucial weight reduction; the introduction of microcellular foams could further reduce part weights, as well as production and operational costs. These weight reductions could also contribute to improved fuel economy and reduced CO2 emissions.

For over a decade, he has led the Consortium for cellular and Microcellular Plastics (CCMCP) with 20+ industrial sponsors from Canada and around the world. The Consortium has developed state-of-the-art technologies for manufacturing process and production in plastic foaming, which have been widely adopted by a large number of companies in their production.

In recognition of his outstanding research achievements, he has received numerous honors and awards in his career. The recent awards include: the NSERC Strategic Network Grant ($5M) in 2010, the Julian C Smith Award from the Engineering Institute of Canada in 2010, Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2010, Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2012, the C.N. Downing Award from the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering in 2012, the M. Eugene Merchant Manufacturing Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers / Society of Manufacturing Engineers in 2012, and Fellow of the Korean Academy of Science of Technology in 2012.
Pierre E. Sullivan, PhD, P.Eng., FCSME

Professor, Mechanical Engineering

Research: Turbulent flows; analytical models based on organized structures in steady and nonsteady flows; turbulent flow in spark ignition engines with laser doppler velocimetry; fibre slurries in high turbulence environments; development of improved PIV and PTV algorithms.

Laboratory: Turbulence Research Lab

Email: sullivan@mie.utoronto.ca | Tel: 416-978-3110 | Office: MC225

Research Areas

  1. Thermal and Fluid Sciences Engineering
  2. Applied Mechanics and Design
  3. Biomedical Engineering
  4. Energy and Environmental Engineering


Professor Pierre Sullivan's research interests span flow phenomena, energy conservation and micro-scale electrohydrodynamics. His work has examined novel physical insight into the area of micro-scale jets and electrowetting on dielectric droplet motion. In aerodynamic control, was initiated with acoustic control leading to the current work installing synthetic jets directly onto the wing. This work is focused on low-speed (1-5 kW) wind turbines and micro-air vehicles. This work has included difficult near-wall measurements, flow visualization and careful analysis to describe the actions of the two control mechanisms.

Most interestingly, his group has found a dependence on Reynolds number that allowed the identification of fundamental frequencies important to the shear layer vortices. This improves control schemes for the devices. In addition to this, through a number of collaborations he has embarked on an experimental and numerical study of bileaflet mechanical heart valves. He has developed a unique well-validated particle image velocimetry dataset that is much larger than any previously available and has made this available as an open dataset. This work has recently been modeled with Large Eddy Simulation to fully characterize difficult to measure turbulent stresses and statistics.

Professor Sullivan was named fellow of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering (CSME) in 2012. He completed his BSME and MSME from Clarkson University in 1988 and 1991 respectively, and PhD in Mechanical Engineering from Queen's University in 1995.