Faculty

James S. Wallace, PhD, P.Eng., FSAE, FCSME, FEIC

Professor, Mechanical Engineering

Research: Energy Studies; environmental engineering; alternative fuels; reducing engine exhaust emissions; energy system studies; clean energy technologies and the integration of energy conversion devices into total energy systems; investigations of hydrogen-fueled engines.

Laboratory: Engine Research and Development Laboratory (ERDL)

Email: wallace@mie.utoronto.ca | Tel: 416-978-4899 | Office: MC421

Research Areas

  1. Energy and Environmental Engineering
  2. Thermal and Fluid Sciences Engineering

Biosketch

Professor Jim Wallace is Director of the Engine Research and Development Laboratory at the University of Toronto. He has more than 30 years of experience conducting research on the topics of internal combustion engines, combustion, and fuels. The engine lab specializes in the combustion of alternative fuels, including biodiesel, bio-oil, and biogas, methanol, natural gas, propane and hydrogen in spark ignition and diesel engines. The focus of the work is on reducing engine exhaust emissions. Current research ranges from fundamental ignition studies of natural gas injected in diesel engines, a study of the effect of ethanol-gasoline blends on GDI engine PM emissions, and a study of the potential health benefits of using diesel particulate filters. He was made a Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) in 2001 for his contributions in the area of alternative fuels. He is also a Fellow of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering (CSME) and the Engineering Institute of Canada (EIC) and received the Robert W. Angus Medal from the CSME in 2011.

Professor Wallace served as Chair of the Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering from 1998-2003. He received the 2011 Faculty Teaching Award from the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering and the 2012 President’s Teaching Award from the University of Toronto. He is a member of the University of Toronto’s Teaching Academy.

Professor Emeritus, Mechanical Engineering

Research: Thermodynamics and kinetics: gas and vapour adsorption kinetics; surface tension of solids; evaporation and condensation kinetics; surface tension-driven flow; energy transport at liquid-vapour and solid-liquid interfaces.

Laboratory: Thermodynamics and Kinetics Laboratory (TKL)

Email: ward@mie.utoronto.ca | Tel: 416-978-4807 | Office: MC309

Research Areas

  1. Energy and Environmental Engineering
  2. Thermal and Fluid Sciences Engineering

Biosketch

Charles Albert Ward received his BSc from the University of Texas, Arlington, and his doctorate from Northwestern University. He joined the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Toronto in 1967, and was promoted to Professor in 1977.

Currently, he is the Director of the Thermodynamics and Kinetics Laboratory. A theory for predicting the rate of molecular transport across phase boundaries—Statistical Rate Theory—was developed in his lab. It has been cited in the open literature over 400 times. He and his students have published over one hundred papers in peer-reviewed journals. His studies of interfacial kinetics led to the measurement of a temperature discontinuity at the liquid-vapour interface during evaporation and to the measurement of a new property of water: the surface thermal capacity. This property defines the energy transport by surface-tension-driven flow.

The Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering (CSME) has recognized his research contributions. In 1988 he received the Robert W. Angus Medal in recognition of a paper on surface science and in 2008 he received the Jules Stachiewiez Medal for his contributions to heat transfer.