The actively pursued areas at AMNL are MEMS/NEMS (micro-nanoelectromechanical systems) design and fabrication (e.g., bioMEMS, sensors, actuators, and microfluidic devices); microrobotic and nanorobotic manipulation; and cellular biomechanics and mechanobiology. We develop enabling systems devices and techniques with which we tackle fundamental and applied biological/biomedical, clinical, and emerging engineering problems. Our research skills include micro/nano device design, fabrication, and testing; micro-nanorobotic manipulation; computer vision microscopy; pN-nN force sensing and control; automation at the micro and nano scales; cellular biomechanics; and electrical and mechanical characterization of biological cells and nanomaterials.
Director: Yu Sun, PhD, P.Eng., FCSME, FEIC, FASME, FCAE, FIEEE
Lab website: http://amnl.mie.utoronto.ca/
Lab location: MC51C
The Advanced Research Laboratory for Multifunctional Lightweight Structures (ARL-MLS) specializes in testing, simulation, and optimization of new material and structural designs in automotive, aerospace, nuclear, and biomedical applications. Ambitious new design goals are increasingly challenging current testing and simulation capabilities. The ARL-MLS does research to meet these challenges using high level testing and computational resources that focus on low and high frequency vibration testing, multidisciplinary design optimization, and continuum-to-atomistic multiscale modeling. In addition to these areas, research is being carried out on new technologies including biofuel applications, morphing wing design, and vibration and noise reduction. By advancing multifunctional & lightweight design solutions, the ARL-MLS is giving rise to exciting new developments that are at the forefront of innovation in the automotive, aerospace, nuclear, and biomedical sectors.
The Advanced Thermal/Fluids Optimization, Modelling and Simulation (ATOMS) Laboratory was founded in 2007 by Professor Cristina H. Amon. The lab is affiliated with the Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering and the Institute of Biomaterials & Biomedical Engineering at the University of Toronto.
ATOMS research methods involve numerical simulations of multi-scale systems using in-house and commercial codes. Our current research aims to advance the understanding of: (i) fluid transport phenomena in biological and energy applications, (ii) thermal transport phenomena in energy applications, and (iii) optimization of complex systems.
The lab is currently located on the third floor of the Rosebrugh Building at University of Toronto’s St. George Campus.
Director: Cristina H. Amon, ScD, P.Eng., FAAAS, FASEE, FASME, FCAE, FCSME, FEIC, FIEEE, FRSC, NAE
Lab website: http://www.mie.utoronto.ca/labs/atoms
Lab location: RS307
The Applied Optimization Lab (AOL) is comprised of an interdisciplinary group of researchers who develop advanced optimization techniques to solve complex problems primarily in health care and sustainability.
Thermodynamics of contact angles; Wetting and adhesion; generalization of the classical theory of capillarity to high curvature situations; Applications of Digitial Image Analysis and Processing to interfacial tension and other surface science problems; Modelling of cell and protein adhesion to synthetic and natural biomaterials; Applications of surface thermodynamics to biotechnological problems.
Director: A. Wilhelm Neumann, Dr.Rer.Nat.
Lab location: BA8131B
Autonomous Systems and Biomechatronics Laboratory focuses on developing intelligent mechatronics and robotic systems to assist humans in dangerous and stressful tasks and/or when a shortage of qualified personnel exists. In particular, our research is dedicated to the development of intelligent mechatronics systems with a primary focus on the design of robots and devices.
At the Biomedical Simulation Laboratory (BSL), we strive to seamlessly integrate medical imaging and computer modeling to improve the detection, risk assessment, and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Currently research is focused on the use of angiographic imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to identify hemodynamic and geometric “risk” factors for atherosclerosis and aneurysms; and the development of commercial and open-source medical imaging simulation environments.
At the BEIE Lab, we examine the interaction between building energy use and indoor environmental quality to inform the design of buildings that are both energy efficient and comfortable and healthy for occupants. Our interdisciplinary projects include research on advanced building retrofit solutions including envelope and mechanical interventions, the interaction between occupant behavior and building performance and innovative policy approaches to improved building performance.
Biomechanics, tissue engineering, cellular mechanotransduction, bone modeling and remodeling, and bone regeneration. Currently, we are working on the anti-resorptive effect of mechanical loading on bone tissue; the advanced microfluidics system for bone cell mechanotransduction study; the role of focal adhesion assembly in cell mechanosensitivity using micropatterned surface; and development of advanced artificial bone matrix by employing novel microfabrication technologies.
Director: Andreas Mandelis, PhD, LEL, FRSC, FCAE, FAAAS, FASME, FAPS, FSPIE
Lab website: http://cadipt.mie.utoronto.ca/
Lab location: MC 51F
The Centre for Advanced Coating Technologies (CACT) was established in 1998 as a collaborative effort by researchers from the departments of mechanical engineering and materials science, dedicated to both fundamental and applied research in the area of industrial coatings application. It is now in its ninth year of operation, with approximately 40 researchers, including professors from both departments, research staff members and graduate students. CACT conducts fundamental research, both analytical and experimental, in the area of thermal spray coating.
Director: Javad Mostaghimi, PhD, P.Eng., FAAAS, FIUPAC, FASME, FASM, FCSME, FCAE, FEIC, FRSC
Associate Directors: Sanjeev Chandra, PhD, P.Eng., FAAAS, FASME; Thomas W. Coyle, ScD
Lab website: http://www.mie.utoronto.ca/labs/cact/
Lab location: BA 8224/8270
The Centre for Maintenance Optimization and Reliability Engineering is directed by Professor Michael Jong Kim. C-MORE´s research is driven by close interactions with industry, in particular with MORE consortium members and with researchers at universities world-wide. The focus is on real-world research in engineering asset management in the areas of condition-based maintenance, spares management, protective devices, maintenance and repair contracts, and failure-finding intervals.
The Centre´s focus is the Canadian Financial Services Industry (“FSI”). This robust, world class, services industry is one of the fundamental strengths of the Canadian economic fabric. Members of this industry rely almost completely on the effective use of computers and communications systems in their core business activities. As other industries have in the past, the firm in the FSI has undergone substantial change during the 90´s and this will continue well into the next millennium.
Our research group is primarily involved in the applications of Operational Research and Management Science in the improvement of Health Care delivery, including Health Care modelling, scheduling operating rooms and determining the cause and relationship between overcrowding and waiting in different emergency departments.
The Cognitive Engineering Laboratory (CEL) conducts applied research on how to introduce information technology into complex work environments to create an effective human-machine feedback control system..
The Combustion Research Laboratory seeks to improve our knowledge of combustion science and applications through experiments and numerical modeling. Research topics include biofuels, air pollution, detailed model development and optical sensors.
Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) embodies three components essential to the implementation of flexible design & manufacturing — the means for information storage, retrieval, manipulation and presentation; the mechanisms by which to sense state, and modify substance; and the methodologies by which to unite them. The Computer Integrated Manufacturing Laboratory (CIMLab), founded in 1987, provides students and research associates with necessary facilities to contribute to the success of this goal.
Director: Beno Benhabib, PhD, P.Eng.
Lab location: MB 57
- Sensor development and assessing the performance of novel sensing devices.
- Developing decision-making frameworks to translate data collected from sensors into efficient remedial strategies.
imLEG was formed to promote integration of manufacturing and logistics studies. Major areas of interest is to perform applied research in various logistics problems that involves manufacturing, inventory control and transportation.
The Engine Research and Development Lab specializes in research on the combustion of alternative fuels, including biodiesel, bio-oil, and biogas, methanol, natural gas, propane and hydrogen in spark ignition and diesel engines. The focus of the work is on reducing engine exhaust emissions.
Director: James S. Wallace, PhD, P.Eng., FSAE, FCSME, FEIC
Lab location: MC 120G
Design of the engineering learning environment for accessibility and
inclusivity; Universal instructional design; Conceptualizing the learning environment as an information system.
Director: Susan McCahan, PhD, P.Eng.
Lab location: MC69
EIL research explores the creation of Enterprise Integration concepts in a bi-directional manner, in that it is simultaneously theory and application driven; an underlying philosophy to this research is that solving real problems leads to breakthrough research. Our basic research has explored topics such as: Ontologies for Enterprise Modelling, Agent Architectures and Coorindation and Constraint-Directed Scheduling, and applied them to problems such as Supply Chain Management, Knowledge-Based Design and Enterprise Engineering.
Director: Mark S. Fox, PhD, LEL, FAAAI, FEIC, Distinguished Professor of Urban Systems Engineering,
Lab website: http://www.eil.utoronto.ca/
Fax: 416-971 2479
Lab location: BA 8143
The ETC Lab conducts research related to navigation, manipulation and control in 3D environments. Some of our foci of research include the following:
• visual displays for telerobotic control
• human-machine interfaces for 3D mixed reality environments
• stereoscopic displays and augmented reality
• modelling of attentional workload
• human factors issues in medicine, in particular surgery and anaesthesiology
Founding Director: Roy H. Kwon, PhD, LEL
Co-Director: Dexiang Wu, PhD
Fax: 416) 978-7753
Lab location: RS316
The goal of all of the research work in FCMML is to enhance environmental sustainability by developing cleaner energy conversion technologies that reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions compared to combustion-based power generation methods. Research projects are conceived with the goal of tackling the largest challenges preventing the widespread use of fuel cell technologies – cost, durability, and reliability. The ultimate objective of the work is to facilitate the widest and fastest possible adoption of cleaner energy conversion technologies in order to maximize their environmental benefit.
We investigate and utilize dynamically changing flow situations at small scales to either study complex chemical or biological phenomena or organize matter in space and time. We use a combination of micro/nanofabrication approaches, analytical and numerical models and imaging modalities. By engineering simple microenvironments we are able to probe and abstract out a general principle behind an observed phenomenon. We aim at translating these principles to massively scaled, easy-to-use, well-integrated and fully automated fluidic microprocessors.
The Heat Transfer and Combustion Laboratory researches studies pehnomena relevant to the energy and materials processing industries. Research topics include spray deposition, spray coating, droplet generation, rapid prototyping by droplet deposition and spray forming of foam heat exchangers.
Director: Sanjeev Chandra, PhD, P.Eng., FAAAS, FASME
Lab location: MB56E
In HFASt, we conduct research on understanding and improving human behaviour and performance in multi-task and complex situations, using a wide range of analytical techniques. The application areas include surface transportation, healthcare, mining, unmanned vehicle supervisory control.
Our laboratory focuses on developing microscale technologies for cell biology studies, with a current emphasis on cancer research. The ultimate goal is to apply these systems for practical functional assays, high-throughput cell-based screening, and diagnostic applications in cancer biology and medicine. We use an interdisciplinary approach that involves integration of mechanical design, microfabrication techniques, fluid dynamics principles, cell biology, advanced image analyses and computational methods to create innovative tools and technologies that can help probe the latest questions and foremost challenges in modern biology.
The Interactive Media Lab (IML) is part of the Human Factors / Ergonomics area of the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering at the University of Toronto. In addition, we collaborate closely with KMDI (Knowledge Media Design Institute). The lab carries out research on the improvement of user interfaces for information systems. This research includes the design and testing of innovative multimedia environments and usability testing of existing interfaces and systems.
Robotics; Fuzzy-Neural Integration; Fuzzy Clustering; Reinforcement Learning; Supervised and Unsupervised Learning; Fuzzy Data Mining
Director: Burhan I. Turksen, PhD, P.Eng.
Lab location: HA 301
Director: Beno Benhabib, PhD, P.Eng.
Lab location: MB 61
The MADL offers you an exciting opportunity to work in cutting edge research that is both challenging and stimulating. We are unique in the sense that we combine highly sophisticated modelling and simulation techniques to real industrial problems and our work is essential to engineering practice.
This is probably the only lab in North America that combines the use of advanced materials and mechanics in the design of mechanical systems. We have first class researchers that employ nanomechanics, FEM, failure analysis, damage mechanics and experimental mechanics (including NDE) in advanced system design in the transport, electronic packaging and oil and gas industries.
Director: Shaker A. Meguid, PhD, P.Eng., CEng, SAIAA (Lifetime), FIMechE, FASME, FEIC
Lab website: http://www.mie.utoronto.ca/labs/madl
Lab location: MC 203
Through experiments and modeling, our research develops techniques for engineers to predict the strength and durability of materials such as adhesives and solder. Similar approaches are used to create models that can be used to understand and optimize manufacturing processes. Recent examples include vibratory finishing and abrasive jet micro-machining.
The main areas of research are Mechatronics design, precision positioning, Microfluidics and Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) with a special focus on design of linear motors and precision positioners, design of microactuators, micropumps, microvalves, mixing chambers and integrated microfluidic systems, MEMS design and fabrication, and instrumentation and signal processing. Application areas include photonics, biomedical devices, instrumentations, genomics and proteomics, positioning in space applications, adaptive optics, automotive systems and electronic switches.
The Medical Operations Research Laboratory (morLAB) is a group of academicians at the University of Toronto dedicated to improving the quality of medical procedures using operations research techniques. Research topics include mathematical modeling of radiotherapy treatment design and pandemic disease spread.
The Microcellular Plastics Manufacturing Laboratory (MPML) is the premier research laboratory for innovative plastic foaming technology in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto. The key research areas include the processing of plastic foams through novel injection molding, extrusion, and bead molding techniques.
Director: Chul B. Park, PhD, P.Eng., FRSC, KKAST, FAAAS, FASME, FCAE, FCSME, FEIC, FSPE, University of Toronto Distinguished Professor
Lab website: http://mpml.mie.utoronto.ca/lab/
Lab location: RS112
The Microrobotics Lab conducts research on fabrication and control of micro-scale robots. The lab combines knowledge of micro-scale physics with novel micro-fabrication techniques to actuate mobile robots capable of accessing small spaces at the micrometer to millimeter scale. Our research is focused on developing new methods of object manipulation and assembly, multi-robot control techniques, and the incorporation of advanced tools into mobile microrobot designs. We apply these basic technologies to problems in biotechnology, healthcare and advanced manufacturing.
The Lab for Modeling Materials Processes at the University of Toronto develops and applies numerical models for flow, heat transfer, and phase change, to analyze various materials processes, often in collaboration with other researchers. Applications include spray coating, melting and dissolution processes, wetting and dewetting phenomena, and the control of boiler fouling.
Director: Markus Bussmann, PhD, P.Eng., FCSME
Lab location: BA8131A
Multiphase Flow and Spray Systems Laboratory at the University of Toronto is involved in a wide range of experimental and computational research in the following areas: Atomization and Sprays; Computational Fluid Dynamics; Microfluidics; Biotechnology; Energy, Combustion and Environment; Nanotechnology; Bubbles; Ferrofluids.
Our research focuses on developing an understanding of the mechanics of nanomaterials and how they can be applied to impact engineering design at multiple length scales from nano-to-macro. We apply cutting edge experimental nanomechanics tools such as AFM, FFM, and In-situ SEM/TEM MEMS testing to reveal mechanical mechanisms and phenomena at the nanoscale which can be applied to enhance the mechanical properties of macroscopic systems. Areas of research focus include nanotribology of thin films and MEMS, multiscale mechanics of carbon based materials, and size-scale mechanics and electro-mechanics of nanomaterials.
The main thrust of research and development work in the Laboratory For Nonlinear Systems Control is in the area of robotics, automation and control. Other work in the area of control of systems such as internal combustion engines is ongoing. Design of hardware to permit testing of concepts and processes is central to the work done. Though close work with key industries in Canada, real world automation problems have been identified which simultaneously provide rich research problem areas and important vehicles for technology transfer to industry.
The University of Toronto is honored to have been selected as one of approximately 50 PACE institutions worldwide, a Silver accredited member.
PACE links GM, Autodesk, EDS, Hewlett Packard, Siemens UGS PLM Software, Sun Microsystems, and their global operations, to support strategically selected academic institutions worldwide to develop the automotive product lifecycle management (PLM) team of the future. PACE generously provides computer software and hardware to support instruction in the areas of 3-D Solid Modeling, 3-D Plant Layout, CAE/Simulation, CAM, PDM – Product Data Management, Digital Collaboration, and Digital Styling.
The PACE Design Studio serves our students involved who are participating in several PACE activities, such as completing PACE course design projects and undergraduate theses, collaborating with hundreds of other engineering students worldwide on the design and manufacture of PACE Global Vehicles, and completing PACE-sponsored international design courses.
Director: Kamran Behdinan, PhD, P.Eng.
The research in this laboratory is driven by practical problems such as the development of optimal policies for condition-based maintenance (CBM), the optimal multivariate quality control for both short and long production runs, and the development of optimal sampling schemes for monitoring partially observable stochastic processes.
Challenging theoretical problems include the analysis of structural properties of optimal control policies in the partially observable process framework as well as estimation and process modeling which includes the development of off-line and on-line model parameter estimation procedures and optimal filtering.
The practical applications include the development of fault detection schemes and diagnostic methods for on-line implementation in real CBM systems.
The top-notch research unique in the world has produced results published in the top international journals such as Operations Research, Mathematics of Operations Research, Journal of Applied Probability, Advances in Applied Probability, European Journal of OR and Naval Research Logistics. The recently published optimality results for multivariate quality and process control are the only such results published in the world.
Number of inventions have been developed which have been registered as IP Disclosures with UofT Research Council. Based on the research results and inventions obtained, a user-friendly software is currently under development with the sponsoring Canadian maintenance software development company Cetaris which will be implemented as a unique module in their CBM support software distributed worldwide, with majority of large client companies in the United States and Canada.
Director: Viliam Makis, PhD, Dipl Ing, LEL, FISEAM
Lab location: MC336
The laboratory is fully equipped to measure the flow properties of liquids, particularly complex liquids such as ketchup, molten plastic, eye drops, paint, and mineral slurries, to name some recent examples. The primary instruments are two state-of-the-art commercial rheometers for characterization in shear, and a filament-stretching rheometer for characterization in extension, one of only six such instruments in the world.
The Robotics and Automation Laboratory (RAL) and Mechatronics Laboratory (ML) were established in 1982 and 1995, respectively. They have a common mandate:
(i) To conduct fundamental and applied research in the science of robotics (semi & fully automated and remote controlled systems) and mechatronics (integration of intelligent & autonomous systems;
(ii) To educate at undergraduate and graduate levels in the field of robotics and mechatronics;
(iii) To conduct industrial research and development under contract;
(iv) To spin off technologies to the commercial market.
Director: Andrew A. Goldenberg, PhD, PEng, FAAAS, FIEEE, FASME, FEIC, FCAE
Lab website: http://www.mie.utoronto.ca/labs/ral/
Lab location: EA201
The mission of the Lab is theoretical and empirical research in the application of automated reasoning techniques to computationally challenging problems that arise from semantic interoperability, including ontologies, automated reasoning, and semantic web services.
Professor L.H. Shu’s Research Laboratory at the University of Toronto focuses on developing systematic processes to identify relevant biological analogies for any given design problem. We approach this using natural-language techniques to search the vast amount of existing knowledge, rather than creating a database of biological knowledge specifically for design. Case studies and applications serve to validate and refine our methods.
The Cellular Mechanobiology Laboratory (CML) is an interdisciplinary group of talented researchers who apply principles of biomechanics, cell and molecular biology, and biomedical engineering to study mechanical regulation of cell and tissue function. Areas of interest and expertise include heart valve disease, stem cell mechanobiology, and biomedical microdevice design.
Smart and Adaptive polymers are emerging class of materials that possess unique properties, including the ability to sense and respond to different stimuli, such as electrical, mechanical, chemical, and biological, in a prescribed fashion. Examples of these polymers include biopolymers, active polymers, and polymer composites. These synthetic polymers have proven themselves in challenging environments and can be used in a variety of applications including tissue engineering, light-weight materials, biologically inspired materials, materials for biomedical devices, sensors and actuators, electronics packaging, and automotive materials. Our research interests include the fabrication of high-performance functional polymers, characterization of polymer properties (mechanical, viscoelastic, thermal, electric, etc.), correlation of morphological variations with polymer properties, and analytical modeling and numerical simulation of polymer properties.
Director: Hani Naguib, PhD, P.Eng., CEng, FIOM3, FASME, FSPE, FCSME
Lab website: http://sapl.mie.utoronto.ca/
Lab location: MB 217/218
The TKL is a Research Unit within the Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department at the University of Toronto
Our research interests encompass the study of microfluidics applied to transport phenomena in energy systems, with a focus on polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell technologies. The goal of our work is to design novel materials and architectures for enhanced energy systems through a two pronged approach: numerical modelling and experimental validation. Our research is multidisciplinary and involves fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, micro- and nano-technologies, chemistry, and geology.
The Toronto Intelligent Decision Engineering Laboratory is concerned with the structure, organization, and manipulation of information for automated and human decision making. Our primary research focus is the extension of AI and optimization techniques to this end. As a result we are interested in such techniques as constraint programming, local search, hybrid AI/OR techniques, reasoning with uncertainty and in dynamic environments, machine learning, data mining, and representation and reasoning about preferences.
Experimental investigations are performed in a low-turbulence recirculating wind tunnel. The 5-m-long test section of this tunnel has a spanwise extent of 0.91 m and a height of 1.22 m (Fig. 1). The work has resulted in new insight into flow control for aerodynamically low Reynolds number flows and wind turbine applications. Other work has improved energy efficiency in the pulp and paper industry.
The Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation Laboratory (UNDEL) is focused on experimental and numerical research for the engineering applications of ultrasound. The goal of the Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation Laboratory is to develop ultrasonic equipment and techniques for nondestructively evaluating materials and engineered structures or components. In addition, methods are being explored for using high-amplitude ultrasound for tasks such as fluid pumping and mixing, high-cycle fatigue, and plastic welding.
The research and development in this laboratory focuses on the development of effective fault detection and diagnostic schemes based on analysis and modeling of vibration data for CBM purposes.
The laboratory is equipped with a diagnostic test rig containing a model of a planetary gearbox for vibration data collection and testing of the developed fault detection and diagnostic schemes for rotating mechanical equipment, mainly gearboxes.
Fault detection and diagnostic schemes utilizing vibration data collected on-line have been published in the top journals, several IP Disclosures have been registered, and the longer-term objective is the development of a unique CBM software module for fault detection and diagnosis based on vibration data to be implemented in real CBM systems. The research has been sponsored by Syncrude Canada, Imperial Oil, and NSERC.
Director: Viliam Makis, PhD, Dipl Ing, LEL, FISEAM
Lab location: MB224
The objectives of the Vibration, Design, and Mechatronics Laboratory is (1) to conduct high level research in the field of mechanical vibration and dynamics via analytical, numerical or experimental approaches; (2) to closely collaborate with industry to serve the industrial needs; and (3) to develop commercial software for industry in its design and analysis work.
Director: Jean Zu, PhD, P.Eng., FASME, FEIC, FCSME, FAAAS, FCAE
Lab website: http://www.mie.utoronto.ca/zulab
Lab location: MC325
The Water and Energy Research Laboratory (WERL) develops innovative solutions to water and energy challenges in the developed and developing world. Our research develops novel computational tools for analysis, optimization, and design. These computational tools are employed in the development of prototype water and energy devices. Applications of our research include water purification, water desalination, wind energy, and solar energy.